“There is no convincing evidence that compulsory schooling does very much to overcome the initial disparity in the resources and attainment of school intakes.”
Professor Stephen Gorard (2010)
There is an ‘attainment gap’ between pupils who receive Free School Meals and those pupils that don’t receive FSM. 15% of boys receiving FSM did not get 5 GCSEs in 2010, whereas only 5% of boys that didn’t get FSM failed to get 5 GCSEs.
Only one in nine children from low income backgrounds will reach the top 25% of earners as adults. The UK has very low ‘social mobility’ which is sometimes expressed as ‘poor children grow up to be poor adults’.
Low income is a strong predictor of low educational performance
There are ‘strong associations between poverty and young children’s intellectual and behavioural development’
By the age of 3, poor students can lag as much as 9 months behind their better off peers.
The gap between children from richer and poorer backgrounds widens especially quickly during primary school
Children who do badly at primary school are less likely to improve at secondary school if they are poor
Work has to be a better route out of poverty. Most poor children have a working parent.